Celebrated on February 4th all over the world, World Cancer Day is a day that was created to raise awareness about
cancer and to encourage people to prevent and detect, as well as to continue to search for new treatments for it. However, its main goal is to seriously reduce the instance of illness and death by cancer in the year 2020.
This year, the union for international cancer control, which organizes World Cancer Day is launching a new 3- year campaign with the theme – “I am and I will.” It calls for a personal commitment to help reduce the global burden of cancer.
Cancer is a scary word. Almost everyone knows someone who got very sick or died from cancer. Cancer affects both older and younger people. It can be treated and cured if dictated early.
What Is Cancer?
Cancer is actually a group of many related diseases that all have to do with cells. Cells are the very small units that
make up all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in each person’s body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not normal grow and spread very fast. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Over time, they also die. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don’t die when they’re supposed to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors. A growing tumor becomes a lump of cancer cells that can destroy the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body’s healthy tissues. This can make someone very sick.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original tumor and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads.
Causes of Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox — maybe even you. But you probably don’t know any kids who’ve had cancer. If you packed a large football stadium with kids, probably only one child in that stadium would have cancer.
Doctors aren’t sure why some people get cancer and others don’t. They do know that cancer is not contagious. You can’t catch it from someone else who has it — cancer isn’t caused by germs, like colds or the flu are. So don’t be afraid of other kids — or anyone else — with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can’t get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn’t true! Kids don’t do anything wrong to get cancer. But some unhealthy habits, especially cigarette smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you become an adult.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation — or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
- the type of cancer someone has
- the stage of the tumor
Ways To Prevent Cancer
- Protecting ourselves from the sun (mid – day sun between 10am and 4pm)
- Eating a healthy diet.
- Be physically active
- Getting vaccinated (this includes protection from certain viral diseases)
- Getting regular medical care
- Don’t use tobacco (smoking or chewing tobacco)
“I AM A WORLD CANCER DAY SUPPORTER AND I WILL MAKE MY VOICE COUNT”
“ I AM A SCHOOLS AND LIBRARIES TOOLKIT AND I WILL INSPIRE TEACHERS, LIBRARIANS AND STUDENTS TO TAKE ACTION”
“I AM AND I WILL”